Kermadec joined a rare club when he won the Gr1 Doncaster Handicap as a 3YO, and the victory capped off a magical 3YO season for the son of Teofilo. A winner on debut over 1400m, Kermadec won the Gr3 Carbine Club Stakes at his third start in the Spring. Asked all the big questions in the autumn, the powerfully built colt responded with a fourth behind Wandjina in the Gr1 Australian Guineas, third against the older horses in the Gr1 George Ryder Stakes, and then victory in the Gr1 Doncaster Handicap.
Returned to the track as a 4YO, Kermadec proved his ability had grown with him when he won the Gr1 George Main Stakes in the Spring, and ran fourth in the Gr1 Caulfield Stakes behind Criterion. Three more Gr1 placings in the autumn (including second to Winx in the Gr1 George Ryder Stakes) all demonstrate Kermadec’s ability against the very best horses in Australia. All up, his four wins and many placings netted Kermadec nearly $3 million on the track.
“Kermadec was a horse of exceptional quality who was able to win a Gr3 on Derby Day at Flemington at just his third start. He went on to win two of the best Gr1 mile races in Australia with only the superstar Winx denying him a third win at the elite level,” said Darley’s Head of Sales Alastair Pulford.
Champion 2YO in Europe, and dual Gr1 winner Teofilo has become a force to be reckoned with at stud with 83 stakes-winners (sixteen of them Gr1 winners, including Happy Clapper, Humidor, Palentino, and Kermadec in Australia). Teofilo is bred on the same cross as Frankel, being by Galileo from a Danehill mare, and Kermadec’s female line brings in the superior Sunday Silence line as well.
Kermadec’s dam, Hy Fuji, was a superior racehorse herself with four wins up to 2400m including the Listed Tattersalls Plate. Aside from Kermadec, she has left stake- placed winner Good Winning at stud. Kermadec’s second dam, Hysterical, won eight races including the Listed Emancipation Stakes, and was several times black-type placed. As well as leaving Hy Fuji at stud, she is also the dam of Gr2-placed winner Mary Machree, dam of Gr3 winner Triple Elegance, and this is also the immediate family of Moss Trip, At The Heads, and Shoreham.
Kermadec’s weanlings fetched up to $75,000 last year, and buyers will get a good look at his first yearlings with 12 entered in the Magic Millions Gold Coast sale, nine yearlings in book one at the New Zealand Bloodstock yearling sale, 20 in the Inglis Classic yearling sale, plus a further nine consigned for Inglis Melbourne Premier.
|SADLERS WELLS |
|URBAN SEA |
|HY FUJI (AUS)|
|FUJI KISEKI (JPN)|
|SUNDAY SILENCE |
|FORMAL INVITATION |
|BE MY GUEST|
Kermadec Freshman Yearlings
|13||C||C||Pimms Time (NZ)||Kulani Park Merricks North Vic||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|26||Br||F||Previous (AUS)||Attunga Stud Blandford NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|382||B||F||Bana Wu (GB)||Tyreel Stud Agnes Banks NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|567||C||F||Fantome Gris (AUS)||Amarina Farm Denman NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|779||B||C||Majestic Faith (AUS)||Rheinwood Pastoral Co Mittagong NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|907||C||C||Assertive Sound (AUS)||Tartan Fields Kulnura NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|983||B||C||Gemini Miss (AUS)||Willow Park Stud Scone NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|1070||Br||C||Redtruth (AUS)||Baramul Stud Widden Valley NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|1080||Br||F||Seduction Line (AUS)||Raheen Stud Darling Downs Qld||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|1088||B||C||Shiso (AUS)||Little Wych Bathurst NSW||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|1142||Br||F||Shameless (AUS)||Clearwater Farm Tamborine Qld||2019 MM Gold Coast|
|50||BR||F||Frothed||Inglewood Stud||2019 NZB NYSS|
|70||B||C||Hannah Mary||Wentwood Grange||2019 NZB NYSS|
|109||B||C||Jacquetta||Trelawney Stud Ltd||2019 NZB NYSS|
|161||B||C||La Parfaite||Westbury Stud||2019 NZB NYSS|
|182||BB||F||Lovingthelimelight||Brighthill Farm||2019 NZB NYSS|
|371||BB||F||San Cristobel||Hallmark Stud||2019 NZB NYSS|
|379||C||C||Savabella Rose||Rich Hill Stud||2019 NZB NYSS|
|594||B||C||Berg en Dal||Wentwood Grange||2019 NZB NYSS|
|678||B||C||Diamond Masque||Koru Thoroughbreds Ltd||2019 NZB NYSS|
|755||BB||C||House of Borgia||Westbury Stud||2019 NZB NYSS|
|79||B.||C||Donna Madeira||Holbrook Thoroughbreds, Scone||2019 Inglis Classic|
|236||B.||C||Dabrowski (NZ)||Wahha Thoroughbreds, Delungra||2019 Inglis Classic|
|306||B.||F||Fairessa||Riversdale, Scone||2019 Inglis Classic|
|318||B. or Br.||C||Final Stretch||Attunga Stud, Scone||2019 Inglis Classic|
|360||B.||F||Hamsa (USA)||Amarina Farm, Denman||2019 Inglis Classic|
|416||B. or Br.||F||Kartini||Davali Thoroughbreds, Luskintyre||2019 Inglis Classic|
|440||Br.||C||Laguna Lake (USA)||Canning Downs Stud, Darling Downs, Qld||2019 Inglis Classic|
|457||B.||C||Loading Zone||Two Bays Farm, Flinders, Vic||2019 Inglis Classic|
|546||Ch.||F||Murtle Miss||Riversdale, Scone||2019 Inglis Classic|
|596||Ch.||F||Pica Pica (NZ)||Wentwood Grange, Cambridge, NZ||2019 Inglis Classic|
|685||Br. or Blk.||C||Seesawing||Murrulla Stud, Wingen||2019 Inglis Classic|
|725||B.||F||Spyglass Hill||Monarch Stud, Muswellbrook||2019 Inglis Classic|
|815||Br.||F||Woodland Nymph (NZ)||Evergreen Stud Farm, Heatherbrae||2019 Inglis Classic|
|820||Ch.||F||After the Dream (NZ)||Riversdale, Scone||2019 Inglis Classic|
|829||B.||F||Bellezza Medicea (IRE)||Amarina Farm, Denman||2019 Inglis Classic|
|836||Ch.||C||Brightness||Valiant Stud, Aberdeen||2019 Inglis Classic|
|873||Ch.||F||Four My Girls||Jazcom Thoroughbreds, The Oaks||2019 Inglis Classic|
|990||B. or Br.||F||Slippery Satin||Wahha Thoroughbreds, Delungra||2019 Inglis Classic|
|999||Ch.||F||Swiss Current (USA)||Grandview, Peak Crossing, Qld||2019 Inglis Classic|
|1010||B.||C||Tough Company||Neila Thoroughbreds, Cowra||2019 Inglis Classic|
|4||B||C||Boldina (AUS)||Armidale Stud Carrick Tas||2019 MM Tasmania|
|88||C||F||Pottery (AUS)||Armidale Stud Carrick Tas||2019 MM Tasmania|
|153||Gr.||C||Dushanbe||Kornong Station, Streatham||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|210||B.||C||Hangin' Tough||Merricks Station, Merricks||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|213||B.||F||Held Together (NZ)||Rangal Park Stud, Euroa||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|265||Br.||C||Lawmaker||Millford Thoroughbreds, Nagambie||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|317||B. or Br.||F||Miss Kentucky||Yulong, Nagambie||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|388||Br.||C||Promenades||Gilgai Farm, Nagambie||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|513||Br.||F||Typhoon Henny||Maluka Thoroughbreds, Kilmore||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|537||B.||C||Afraah||L. Treloar, Hahndorf, SA||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
|571||Gr.||F||Casigris (USA)||Bucklee Farm, Greta West||2019 Inglis Melb Prem|
Kermadec BR News
Darley Announce 2017 Service FeesTue, 11 Apr 2017
Darley has announced its service fees for its 29 stallions that will stand in New South Wales, Victoria and New Zealand for the 2017 breeding season. Heading this year’s roster again are Medaglia d’Oro and Exceed And Excel who will both stand at a fee of $110,000 (inc. GST). Among the six new recruits for 2017 are Medaglia d’Oro’s highest-rated son, Gr1 Golden Rose winner Astern, plus the best-ever son of Champion American stallion Tapit, triple Gr1 winner Frosted. Astern will stand at Kelvinside alongside his sire, while Frosted will stand at Northwood Park. Territories ($22,000 inc. GST), a Gr1-winning son of Invincible Spirit from the family of Street Cry and Shamardal, is another new addition to the Kelvinside roster, as is Choisir’s supremely tough son The Last Lion ($13,200 inc. GST), winner of last year’s Gr1 Middle Park Stakes – Britain’s premier 1200m test for juveniles. Alastair Pulford, Head of Sales for Darley Stallions in Australia said: “We are delighted by our stallions' achievements during the Easter Yearling sale and are equally as proud of their continuing success on the racetrack.” He added: “As well as our established stars, we have some very exciting new additions standing at stud this year and with such an impressive and diverse roster, I am certain there is something to suit every breeder.” The full Darley roster is:
EXCEED AND EXCEL - $110,000
MEDAGLIA D’ORO - $110,000
LONHRO - $66,000
TEOFILO - $44,000
ASTERN (New) - $38,500
SHOOTING TO WIN - $33,000
EXOSPHERE - $27,500
HALLOWED CROWN - $27,500
DAWN APPROACH - $22,000
EPAULETTE - $22,000
KERMADEC - $22,000
TERRITORIES (New) - $22,000
SEPOY - $16,500
THE LAST LION (New) - $13,200
DENMAN - $11,000
SIDESTEP - $11,000
ALBRECHT - $7,700
Northwood Park VIC
BRAZEN BEAUI - $44,000
NEW FROSTED - $38,500
STREET BOSS - $33,000
HELMET - $16,500
HOLLER (New) - $16,500
NIGHT OF THUNDER - $16,500
RESET - $16,500
KUROSHIO - $7,700
Mapperley Stud NZ
CONTRIBUTER - NZ$12,500
COMPLACENT - NZ$5,000
Holler Retired To StudWed, 11 Jan 2017
Gr1-winning Godolphin sprinter Holler has been retired and will join the Darley stallion roster for the 2017 breeding season. The 4YO will stand at Northwood Park in Victoria and a limited number of lifetime breeding rights will be available in the striking son of Commands. Holler (Commands-Shouts, by Strategic) built an impressive record winning 4 of his 14 starts, highlighted by his Gr1 victory in the Canterbury Stakes (1300m) at Randwick last year where he defeated top-class gallopers Kermadec, Criterion and First Seal. He was also runner-up in the Gr1 William Reid Stakes (1200m) at Moonee Valley. "Holler is a horse we are very proud of. He is a homebred who became a weight-for-age winner at the highest level in the Godolphin blue," said Alastair Pulford, Head of Sales for Darley stallions in Australia. "He is an exceptionally good-looking horse with a stallion's pedigree so we expect him to be very popular with breeders." A fee will be announced at a later date.
Holler (image: Steve Hart)
Kermadec Retired To StudFri, 29 Apr 2016
Dual Gr1 winner Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki) has been retired from racing and will join the Darley roster at Kelvinside in the Hunter Valley for the 2016 breeding season. Prepared by champion trainer Chris Waller, Kermadec established himself as one of the top milers in Australia with wins in the Gr1 Doncaster Mile (defeating Gr1 winners Real Impact and Royal Descent) at three, and the Gr1 George Main Stakes (defeating Gr1 winners Royal Descent and Pornichet) at four. "We are thrilled to have purchased Teofilo's best son Kermadec to stand alongside his father at Kelvinside this season," said Alastair Pulford, Head of Sales for Darley in Australia. "Teofilo has quickly become a global star for us and we are very excited to have him returning to Australia this season as are many of our clients." He added: "Kermadec was a horse of exceptional quality who was able to win a Gr3 on Derby day at Flemington on just his third start. He went on to win two of the best Gr1 mile races in Australia with only the superstar Winx denying him a third win at the elite level in the George Ryder last month." Kermadec retires with 4 wins from 17 starts for over $2.9 million in prize money. He will stand at a fee of $22,000 inc GST.
New Darley recruit Kermadec (image: Steve Hart)
Winx Wins Gr1 George Ryder StakesMon, 21 Mar 2016
At Rosehill Gardens in Sydney, Darley's deceased shuttler & Gr1 Dubai World Cup winner Street Cry (Machiavellian-Helen Street, by Troy) celebrated an elite success when superstar 4YO mare Winx (Street Cry-Vegas Showgirl, by Al Akbar) cruised to an easy 1.5-length win for trainer Chris Waller and jockey Hugh Bowman in the $1 million Gr1 George Ryder Stakes (1500m) for 3YO+, over 4YO entire and stable-mate Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki) & 3YO colt and stable-mate Press Statement (Hinchinbrook-Kaaptive Empress, by Kaaptive Edition). Winx, from the dual stakes-winning New Zealand mare Vegas Showgirl, was a $230,000 purchase by Magic Bloodstock at the 2013 Magic Millions Gold Coast Yearling Sale from the draft of Coolmore Stud. Her latest victory boosted her record to 12 wins (including the Gr1 Cox Plate, Gr1 Chipping Norton, Gr1 Epsom Handicap, Gr1 Queensland Oaks, Gr2 Apollo Stakes, Gr2 Theo Marks Stakes, Gr2 Phar Lap Stakes & Gr2 Furious Stakes) and 3 placings (including the Gr1 Australian Oaks & Gr1 Flight Stakes) from 18 starts for $4,753,925 earnings. Winx's confirmed her status as the best racehorse in Australia with her eighth consecutive victory. Trainer Chris Waller said she could now contest the Gr1 Doncaster Mile on 2 April en route to the Gr1 Queen Elizabeth Stakes (2000m) a week later. "It's pretty special," Waller told Sky Racing. "We will think about the Doncaster; obviously the Queen Elizabeth is the race we set her for from the start of the carnival but you can’t ignore a $3 million race the week before." Winning jockey Hugh Bowman said Winx was simply a class above her rivals. "This is one of the best races in the country...its a genuine world-class Gr1 event and she showed her dominance her this afternoon," he said.
Winx shows her champion qualities in the George Ryder (image: Steve Hart)
Holler Wins Gr1 Canterbury StakesMon, 7 Mar 2016
At Royal Randwick in Sydney, Darley's deceased Gr3-winning & multiple Gr1-placed stallion Commands (Danehill-Cotehele House, by My Swanee) celebrated an elite Gr1 success when 3YO colt Holler (Commands-Shouts, by Strategic) scored by 1.3-lengths for trainer John O'Shea in the $500,000 Gr1 Canterbury Stakes (1300m) for 3YO+, over 4YO mare First Seal (Fastnet Rock-Episode, by Scenic) & 4YO entire Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki). The Godolphin-owned and bred Holler took his record to 4 wins (including the Gr2 Australia Stakes & Gr3 Telstra Phonewords Stakes) and 4 placings (including the Gr2 ATC Run to the Rose) from 10 starts for $658,625 earnings. Holler is out of the Woodlands Stud bred mare Shouts (Strategic), a half-sister to three-time Gr1 winner Yell. This is also the family of Gr1 Castlemaine QTC Classic (now JJ Atkins Stakes) winner Anthems, stakes winner Vocalist and Gr2 ATC Hill Stakes winner Lamasery. O'Shea said post-race that Holler was likely to head to Melbourne for the Gr1 William Reid Stakes (1200m) on 24 March. "I think we will send him back to Melbourne," O'Shea said. "He loves the Valley and he can go back there in the William Reid."
Holler (image: Steve Hart)
Royal Ascot On Agenda For DelectationFri, 22 Jan 2016
Meanwhile, trainer Chris Waller has an international campaign in mind for Kermadec's stable-mate Delectation (Shamardal-Grace and Power, by More Than Ready) if he can strike his best form in the autumn, reports horseracing.com.au. Delectation fulfilled the early promise he had shown as a younger horse when defeating Chautauqua and Terravista in the Gr1 Darley Classic (1200m) in the spring, and now Waller is hoping the 4YO can progress to the next level by taking on the world's best sprinters at Royal Ascot in June. Waller revealed the son of Shamardal had also been included in the nominations for the rich Dubai World Cup carnival in March, but said a trip to the United Arab Emirates was unlikely. However, Waller will focus on Delectation's Australian campaign first, where he is set to run in both the Gr1 Lightning Stakes (1000m) and the Gr1 Newmarket Handicap (1200m) at Flemington. "If you go all the way to Dubai or England you corner yourself with only one or possibly two races and you corner yourself with the quarantine factor when you get home," Waller told Sky Sports Radio. "He has been set for the Lightning on the 20th of February over 1000 metres at Flemington and then it is the Newmarket on the 12th of March, which would be about Dubai World Cup time." He added: "I doubt he could get there, but it is a big priority for us to get one or two horses to Ascot this year. Being a weight-for-age sprinting performer and very good down the straight, he is right on the top of the list to go to Ascot."
Delectation could head to Royal Ascot (image: Mark Gatt)
Kermadec Wins Gr1 George Main StakesMon, 21 Sep 2015
At Royal Randwick in Sydney, unbeaten European Champion juvenile & dual Gr1-winning Darley shuttler Teofilo (Galileo-Speirbhean, by Danehill) celebrated a Gr1 triumph when 4YO entire Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki) scored by 0.5-length for trainer Chris Waller in the $500,000 Gr1 George Main Stakes (1600m) for 3YO+, over 6YO mare and stable-mate Royal Descent (Redoute's Choice-Mulan Princess, by Kaapstad) & 5YO French-bred gelding Pornichet (Vespone-Porza, by Septieme Ciel). Kermadec, who was purchased for NZ$260,000 by Guy Mulcaster Bloodstock at the 2013 NZB Premier Yearling Sale from the draft of Wentwood Grange, took his record to 4 wins (including the Gr1 Doncaster Mile & Gr3 Carbine Club Stakes) and 4 placings (including the Gr1 George Ryder Stakes & Gr2 Chelmsford Stakes) from 11 starts for $2,577,025 earnings. Trainer Chris Waller confirmed Kermadec was on track for the Gr1 Cox Plate at Moonee Valley on 24 October. "He was strong the last 200m and that was good heading towards a Caulfield Stakes and Cox Plate," Waller told Sky racing. "He's a colt, he's a Doncaster winner, he's lightly-raced and if we can get one of those big ones in Melbourne, he's a very valuable horse." He added: "If he's trained right, he'll win it."
Kermadec (image: Steve Hart)
Complacent Wins Gr2 Chelmsford StakesMon, 7 Sep 2015
At Royal Randwick in Sydney, triple Gr1-winning former English Derby victor & Darley shuttler Authorized (Montjeu-Funsie, by Saumarez) added a Group success when 5YO entire Complacent (Authorized-Insouciance, by Quest for Fame) scored a surprise 1.3-length win for trainer John O'Shea in the $250,000 Gr2 Chelmsford Stakes (1600m) for 3YO+, over 4YO entire Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki) & 5YO mare Royal Descent (Redoute's Choice-Mulan Princess, by Kaapstad). Complacent, who was having just his second start in 22 months, took his record to 4 wins (including the Gr1 Spring Champion Stakes) and 3 placings (including the Gr1 VRC Derby) from 8 starts for $815,725 earnings. "He's a great horse, but you don't need me to tell you that – you only have to look at his record," O'Shea said. "He's a magnificent horse and hopefully we can keep him sound and that's not the last win he'll have this season." He added: "I think the key for him is he needs to stay in Sydney. We'll have a chat and find another race for him."
Kermadec Wins Gr1 Doncaster MileTue, 7 Apr 2015
At Royal Randwick in Sydney, unbeaten European Champion juvenile & dual Gr1-winning Darley shuttler Teofilo (Galileo-Speirbhean, by Danehill) celebrated a Gr1 triumph when 3YO colt Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki) scored by 1.8-lengths for trainer Chris Waller in the $3 million Gr1 Doncaster Mile (1600m) for 3YO+, over 7YO Japanese entire real Impact (Deep Impact-Tokio Reality, by Meadowlake) & 5YO mare and stable-mate Royal Descent (Redoute's Choice-Mulan Princess, by Kaapstad). Kermadec, who was purchased for NZ$260,000 by Guy Mulcaster Bloodstock at the 2013 NZB Premier Yearling Sale form the draft of Wentwood Grange, took his record to 3 wins (including the Gr3 Carbine Club Stakes) and 3 placings (including the Gr1 George Ryder Stakes) from 8 starts for $2,217,025 earnings. "It is an unexplainable moment," an emotional Chris Waller told Sky Racing. "He is a Group 1 horse and he proved that today, but it won't be his last one. He has won his race and being a colt he has a bright future ahead." He added, "It is only made possible when you have a great team of staff behind you, great riders and it is just an amazing feeling."
Kermadec (image: Steve Hart)
Hallowed Crown Wins Gr2 Hobartville StakesMon, 23 Feb 2015
At Rosehill Gardens in Sydney, Darley's 2006 Champion 2YO Colt & 2007 Gr1 Kentucky Derby-winning shuttler Street Sense (Street Cry-Bedazzle, by Dixieland Band) added a Group success when 3YO colt Hallowed Crown (Street Sense-Crowned Glory, by Danehill) scored by 0.2-length for trainers Bart & James Cummings in the $200,000 Gr2 Hobartville Stakes (1400m) for 3YOs, over fellow 3YO colts Sweynesse (Lonhro-Swansea, by Singspiel) & Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki). Hallowed Crown, who is co-owned by his breeder Eduardo Cojuangco's Gooree Stud and Sheikh Mohammed's breeding arm Darley Australia, will now head to the Gr1 Randwick Guineas (1600m) in two weeks time. "What my horse has is a winning attitude...he pulled himself off the canvas and hit the line really well," James Cummings told TVN. "He has the record that any three-year-old colt in the country would be very enviable of right now and what a thrill it is to win it for my grandfather and Sheik Mohammed." He added, "The race in two weeks (the Royal Randwick Guineas) will mean more than this, but this puts the writing on the wall and there is not much between the three of them, but my horse has a fantastic attitude and has done everything right in the lead-up to this." Hallowed Crown took his record to 5 wins (including the Gr1 Golden Rose, Gr3 Run To The Rose & Gr3 Kindergarten Stakes) from 6 starts for $981,475 earnings. The Gooree bred colt is out of Golden Slipper runner-up Crowned Glory and descends from the same female line as champion New Zealand stallion Zabeel, Australian Guineas winner Baryshnikov, and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winning mother and son Detroit and Carnegie.
Hallowed Crown (red) (image: Steve Hart)
Kermadec Wins Gr3 Carbine Club StakesMon, 3 Nov 2014
At Flemington in Melbourne, unbeaten European Champion juvenile & dual Gr1-winning Darley shuttler Teofilo (Galileo-Speirbhean, by Danehill) added a Group success when 3YO colt Kermadec (Teofilo-Hy Fuji, by Fuji Kiseki) scored by 0.2-length for trainer Chris Waller in the $200,000 Gr3 Carbine Club Stakes (1600m) for 3YOs, over fellow 3YO colt Stratum Star (Stratum-Purely Spectacular, by Pins) & 3YO gelding Manhattan Avenue (Manhattan Rain-Tizzy May, by Danzero). This was the first stakes victory for Kermadec who was purchased for NZ$260,000 by Guy Mulcaster Bloodstock at the 2013 NZB Premier Yearling Sale form the draft of Wentwood Grange. Kermadec took his record to 2 wins and 1 placing from 3 starts for $171,275 earnings. Waller earmarked the Gr1 Australian Guineas and Gr1 Randwick Guineas as possible autumn targets for Kermadec. "He is a very special horse," Waller told TVN. "He does everything. He has a beautiful, flowing action and while he has a long way to go he's ticking a few boxes."